Zodiac - Taurus
The Astronomy of Taurus
Taurus is one of 12 constellations that lie on the ecliptic, known jointly as the Zodiac. It is located between Aries and Gemini on the ecliptic, and is also bounded to the north and south by Auriga, Perseus and Orion.
It has a Right Ascension (RA) of 5 hours, and a Declination (Dec) of +15 degrees. (RA is the sky's equivalent of Longtitude, and Dec is equivalent to Latitude).
It is most visible in the Winter, particularly during November which is when it is at it's highest in the sky.
It can be found reasonably easily, by starting at Orion (which most people can identify). Start at Orion's belt and follow the line of it up and to the right.
The head of the bull is the V shaped cluster of stars known as the Hyades with the red star Aldeberan close by (and representing the eye of the bull). Although only 4 or 5 are easily visible to the naked eye, the cluster actually consists of several hundred stars about 150 light years away. Aldeberan is not actually a member of the Hyades, but is simply in the same direction (at about half the distance of the main cluster).
Close by are the Pleiades, a cluster sometimes known as the Seven Sisters (as the average person can see about 7 stars with the naked eye) but which actually contains well over 500 separate stars that are more than twice the distance of the Hyades. The Pleiades are mentioned in the Bible (Job 9:7-9, Job 38:31-33 and Amos 5:8), and even in The Lord of The Rings (where they are known as Remmireth).
The constellation also contains the Crab Nebula, which is the remnant of a supernova explosion that occurred in 1054 CE, and which was powerful enough for the star to be visible in daylight for around 3 weeks. As it is about 6000 light years away, the actual explosion took place around 5000 BCE. Taurus is best seen in November, which is when the Taurids meteor shower occurs (and which produces shooting stars for about 3 weeks).
The Mythology of Taurus
The name comes from the Greek Tauros, meaning bull, and is the representation of Zeus (aka Jupiter) in the form he used to attract Europa (daughter of the king of Tyre). This was one of a number of Zeus's extramarital affairs, and on this occasion he instructed Hermes to drive the king's cattle towards the shore where Europa was resting. He then disguised himself as the most appealing white bull that was obviously the best in the herd. She was so taken with the beauty of the white bull that she climbed on its back, whereupon Zeus promptly turned and swam out to sea, carrying Europa away to Crete.
Another version of the legend has the bull as a messenger of Zeus, rather than as the god himself, while another legend entirely has it that Taurus is actually a heifer (not a bull), it being Io after Zeus turned her into a cow in order to hide her from his wife Hera.
2 groups of stars within Taurus actually have their own mythology. The Hyades are thought to be the sisters of Hyas, who was killed by a lioness while hunting. His sisters were so distraught, that they died of grief, and were therefore placed in the sky to show their love for ever.
The Pleiades were the 7 daughters of Atlas and Pleione, named as Alcyone, Asterope, Celaeno, Electra, Maia, Merope and Taygate. Alcyone and Calaeno were both seduced by Poseidon, while Zeus seduced Maia (their child being Hermes), Electra (mother of Dardanus, founder of Troy) and Taygate (mother of Lacedaemon founder of Sparta). Asterope was taken by Ares, producing Oenomaus (king of Pisa) as a result. The only one not partnered by a god was Merope, who married the mortal Sisyphus. However, he was a trickster who angered the gods enough that eventually they condemned him to roll a stone up hill for eternity.
There is one other interesting aspect of the bull which pre-dates the Greek mythos. Cave paintings have been found that have been dated as approximately 16,500 years old, which show a bull with a cluster of dots above its shoulder which precisely match the position of the Pleiades. It may be that the image of the bull was around long before any mythology that we now know of.
The Astrology of Taurus
Ruling planet is Venus
Traditional Taurean Qualities: Warm hearted and loving, patient, reliable, determined and persistent, placid and loves security.
The Sun enters the sign of Taurus around April 21st each year, for the first seven days Aries continues to exert its influence so all born before the 27th fall under the rule of both Aries and Taurus. Ruled by the planet Venus they are usually distinguished by their love of harmony and beauty in all aspects of life and have an intuitive reverence for nature in all her guises. No other sign in the zodiac is closer to earth then Taurus. They have a natural appreciation of beauty and aesthetic taste, enjoying art, and music and may well have a talent for it. Their love for the good things of life pleasure, comfort, luxury and good food and wine may mean that they have to resist the temptation to over indulgence. They recoil from anything sordid or ugly and may have a strong, sometimes unconventional, religious faith. There is much about a Taurian that is elemental in type, they remain in close contact with the earth and all terrestrial matters. The main objective in leading a Taurian life is primarily (though not entirely) to maintain stability and physical concerns.
Taurean Characteristics: Symbolized by the Bull, representing nature and fertility, great pertinacity and fixity of purpose are characteristic of the Taurian, they tend to fix all their attention upon a single goal and refuse to be deterred from their goal. Taurians are renound for their solidity, practicality, strength of will and extreme determination. They will not be driven, however they will willingly and loyally follow a leader they trust. Taurians are stable, balanced, law-abiding citizens and lovers of peace, with a sense of material values and physical possessions, respect for property and a dread of debt, they will do everything in their power to maintain the security of the status quo, and be somewhat hostile to change. They are gentle, good natured, modest, even tempered, and slow to anger, they dislike arguing and avoid ill-feeling. Their imaginative and speculative abilities are always tempered with common sense, their practical outlook is one of the leading characteristics of Taurians. Occasionally, a Taurian may be obstinately and exasperatingly self-righteous, rigid in their opinion, argumentative and self-centered. However, they are usually of a happy and mild disposition, despite their sensitivity to slights and rebuffs they are slow to anger. Nevertheless when roused the entire aspect of Taurians gives way to furious and ungovernable wrath, with their unyielding determination they can seem to loose all self-control. They rarely forget injury and will fight to the end. All their battles are fought openly since they have no time for trickery or deception, all dirty dealings are quite foreign to their nature. As soon as they see signs of defeat in their opposition they often feel remorse and to some may appear foolish. They can unexpectedly express good humor and exhibitions of fun.
Professions and Occupations: Taureans are industrious and good craftspeople, and are not afraid of getting their hands dirty, preferably in any kind of labour connected with the earth, they make excellent gardeners. They are suited to any occupation in which they can utilize their imaginations, with their natural musical and artistic abilities they make good composers musicians and singers, poets, painters and novelists. Taurians make good founders of enterprises where the rewards of their productiveness come from their own work rather than that of others. They make good gardeners, agriculturalists, farmers, builders and decorators and are successful in any application that requires a practical ability. With their care and concern for others they also make excellent doctors, nurses, housekeepers and and can attain eminence as a chef. They also flourish as estate agents, bankers, florists, soldiers, government officials and soldiers. They are reliable, practical, methodical and ambitious, within a framework of obedience to superiors. They thrive in routine positions of trust and responsibility, where there is little need of urgency and even less risk of change. They make an ideal trustee or guardian.
Psychology: The receptivity of the Taurian mind is vast, they are deeply affected by their associates and environment, with their natural love of beauty and harmony they are revolted by squalor and strife, course behavior and uncongenial surroundings. Such occasions reduce Taurians to their lowest and most miserable. They are at their best and respond instantly when surrounded by a refined and comfortable environment. Socially they are very successful and they make excellent hosts despite being naturally shy and retiring. They are faithful and generous friends with a great capacity for affection, they have a profound faculty of imposing their will upon others and rarely make friends with anyone outside their social rank, to which they are ordinarily excessively faithful. Taurians are keen-witted and practical rather than intellectual, but prone to fixed opinions mainly through their preference for following accepted and reliable patterns of experience. They are generally dependable, prudent, just, steadfast, firm and unshaken in the face of difficulties. Their spiritual being longs for earthly harmony and wholesomeness, a full understanding of this aspect of a Taurians nature, working toward this end will result in no longer needing to naively seek reassurance with material possessions and creature comforts. Finding their inner peace will result in an abundance of positive things that will fill any Taurians life to the full. Ultimately when the Taurean discovers their truest, deepest and highest values and when they know what is truly valuable, they are set free from people and things that have to do with lesser values. That most valued to a Taurean is beauty, it cannot be owned, only appreciated.
Relationships: With their intense love of nature Taurians are only satisfied when they have the entire affection of their partner and friends. Guided almost entirely upon impulse they are prone to making disastrous mistakes when selecting a marriage partner. They can be over possessive and may sometimes play the game of engineering family roles for the pleasure of making up the quarrel. Their critical and exacting nature demands perfection in their spouse, with their strong physical nature and acutely sensitive feelings they may also be unreasonably and sometimes violently jealous. There is no malice behind such outbursts, and they are ardent and fascinating lovers. They are more than averagely amorous and sensually self-conscious, but sexually straightforward and not inclined to experiment. They know how to play at will upon the emotions of their spouse but they make constant, faithful, home loving spouses and thoughtful, kindly parents and never demand too much from their spouses nor children. Their most harmonious and well suited marriages are formed with those born between August 21st - September 21st and December the 21st - January 21st.
Possible Health Concerns. Like the Bull, Taurians are gifted with a strong constitution and good health. Taurus governs the throat and neck and its subjects may suffer with goiter and respiratory ailments such as asthma, tonsillitis, quinsy, catarrh and sore throats. The commonest complaints are often related to excessive indiscretions of diet. They may also be at risk of diseases of the genitals, liver and kidneys, abscesses and rheumatism. When ill, tired or in need of a boost they can be restored to health more easily with a refined environment and good music.
Potential problems and suggested solutions: Subjects of Taurus who find themselves on the receiving end of negatives will find greater peace when they express the positive. All Earth signs have unique traits to their personalities, when these traits are suppressed, or unrealized, problems will arise. By examining the problem we can assess the proper solution according to the sun signs unique characteristics. Taurians who find themselves on the receiving end of negatives will find greater peace when they express the positive. Choose your friends with care, don't let them choose you. Revisit, assess and realize the true value of things in life. Take control of your life by realizing it is not the things in life that are important, but the spirit behind it all.
Your Star stone is the Emerald as it vibrates the strongest with your planet or sign. Emeralds are known to date from about 330 B.C. Egyptians were thought to be mining emeralds as early as 1300 B.C. Emeralds were used as an antidote for poison, as a burnt offering, a cure for fevers and epilepsy, eye relief, for dysentery and leprosy, for ophthalmia and bleeding, for stomach problems (when laid on the stomach), and as a laxative.
Famous Taureans include Duane Eddy, Burt Bacharach, Orson Welles, Leonardo Da Vinci, Tony Blair and Queen Elizabeth II.